#include <vector>
    TYPE& front();
    const TYPE& front() const;

The front() function returns a reference to the first element of the vector, and runs in constant time.

For example, the following code uses a vector and the sort()_algorithm to display the first word (in alphabetical order) entered by a user:

    vector<string> words;
    string str;
    while( cin >> str ) words.push_back(str);
    sort( words.begin(), words.end() );
    cout << "In alphabetical order, the first word is '" << words.front() << "'." << endl;

When provided with this input:

    now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of their country

…the above code displays:

    In alphabetical order, the first word is 'aid'.

Related Topics: back